Read the case and answer the question…
Assume that under a recently enacted Virginia statute, “large” wineries could sell their products to Virginia customers through wholesalers licensed to do business in Virginia or to Virginia resident consumers directly, but not to both. “Small” wineries could use both methods to sell their wines to Virginia consumers. Happy Valley Winemakers of California (clearly falling within the definition of a “large” winery under the Virginia statute) filed a lawsuit against the Commonwealth of Virginia, arguing that this restriction gave small wineries a competitive advantage in violation of the U.S. Constitution – essentially a 14th Amendment “equal protection” argument. The Virginia trial court agreed that the Virginia statute was in conflict with the U.S. Constitution. You now have the case on appeal in your Virginia Appeals court.
1. IN THIS CONFLICT, WHICH SOURCE OF LAW (STATE OR FEDERAL) TAKES PRECEDENCE AND WHY?