Community-oriented policing (COPS), problem-oriented policing (POPs), and the zero-tolerance policing concepts are three criminal justice policy initiatives that were a major change from the traditional policing concepts of the 1970s. Marion and Oliver (2012) talk to each of these policies in Chapter 10 of The Public Policy of Crime and Criminal Justice.Initial Post: Select one of these three policy initiatives, and examine the positives and negatives of the approach. Determine the effects of the criminal justice policy on the other elements of the criminal justice community—courts, corrections, and juvenile justice. What is the current presidential or other elected official’s stance on these programs? How do these policing concepts fit with the era of homeland security? Are these programs in line with social justice concepts? Support your claims with examples from the required materials and/or other scholarly sources, and properly cite your references with both in-text and APA citation at the end of your post.